Expert Meeting 'The Commons!' (Amsterdam, 2 June 2016)

On 2 June 2016, DutchCulture and De Balie will organize a closed expert session on 'The Commons!' as part of the Re:Creating Europe Forum on European Culture. Having been neglected for some time, the commons remerged as a collective term for a wide range of citizen’s activities, from urban gardening to governing cultural spaces. But what exactly do we speak about when using the term ‘The commons’? And how does the notion of ‘The Commons’ relate to arts and culture? During this expert session experts, artists, activists and academics will discuss these questions: does this new emphasis on the Commons illustrate the transition from governments to co-governance, or are the Commons the last resort for bottom top activists, and how does the idea of the Commons relate to the local and the global? Contributors are among others Marcos Garcia (MediaLab Prado), Marilli Mastrantoni (artistic director Entropia), Michiel Schwarz (cultural advisor), Aetzel Griffioen (political philosopher), Lieven de Cauter (philosopher, activist), Valerio Gatto Bonanni (Teatro Valle), Ying Cue (Casco), and Mirjana Smolic (changemaker). This session is closed to the general public, but if you are interested in participating, please send a short motivational letter to info@cultureforum.eu. The expert session will be in English.

> More info

Symposium 'Cooperation in the field' - Utrecht University, 23 June 2016

On 23 June the symposium ‘Cooperation in the field’ is organized and hosted by researchers affiliated with the strategic theme 'Institutions for Open Societies' of Utrecht University. Several international speakers will share their practical experience with (research on) cooperation. The symposium forms part of a series of annual symposia on cooperation, one of the main research topics within the ‘Institutions’ theme.The symposium is free of charge, registration however is required. Keynote speakers will be Ruth Meinzen-Dick (senior research fellow at International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), coordinator of the CGIAR programme on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) as well as leader of IFPRI’s Gender Task Force, also co-leading work on strengthening women’s assets), Marco Janssen (Arizona State University (ASU), professor at the School of Sustainability and director of the Center for Behavior, Institutions, and the Environment of ASU), and Hans Groeneveld (Associate Director Cooperative & Control at Rabobank and distinguished professor at TIAS School for Business and Society).

> More info and registration

Symposium 'Ghent - city of the commons? Co-creation: a new form of cooperation between citizens and the government' (Ghent, 20 June 2016)

On 20 June 2016, Oikos.be will organize the symposium 'Ghent - city of the commons?'. At this symposium, moderated by Dirk Holemans, chair of Oikos, the focus will be on 'co-creating' the cities, as is currently the case in e.g. Bologna, where city governement created a new framework of cooperation between citizens and the government, in order to support the urban commons. This development coincides with the worldwide emergence of many citizens' initiatives and cooperatives, such as sharing systems, local food initiatives, founding cooperatives for renewable energy, et cetera. To support these initiatives optimally, new partnerships between governements and citizens are required, in order to create new frameworks and incentives to enhance the participation of citizens. Keynote speaker will be Christian Iaione of LabGov, who has been involved in developing the co-governance policy of several Italian cities. Tine De Moor will introduce the topic at the symposium; the keynote lecture will be followed by a panel discussion, comprising representatives of Ghent's city government as well of several Ghent commons.

> More info

Symposium on Public Private Partnerships for the Governance and Management of Ecosystem Services (Ljubljana, 19-20 May 2016)

Team member Romina Rodela is one of the organizers of the two-day symposium 'Public Private Partnerships for the Governance and Management of Ecosystem Services', hosted by the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Ljubljana, Slovenia, and supported by the Slovene Research Agency, the Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, and Utrecht University. Public-private partnerships (PPP) can take many forms and can involve actors from different spheres – e.g. civil society, private business, environmental NGO (ENGO) - who collaborate together with public bodies on the delivery of public goods and policy targets. PPP are of great interest when it comes to ecosystem services management and governance. When in place and actively engaged in the management of natural resources PPP have an important role in the provision of ecosystem services. At this event, the focus will be on commons as a type of PPP. Common-pool resources are inextricably linked with landscapes and are particularly interesting due to their benefits to the general public. At this event it will be discussed how commons, while seeking to pursue locally relevant objectives, contribute to the provision and maintenance of ecosystem services (e.g. MAES) and the issues these face will be explored. Keynote lecturer will be prof. Catherine Tucker of Indiana University.

> Flyer

Sixth Think Tank Session on collectivities and care (Utrecht, 7 June 2016)

On 7 June 2016, the Knowledge Centre Institutions of the Open Society of Utrecht University, in cooperation with Aedes-Actiz Knowledge Centre on Living and Care will organize a new Think Tank Session. This session will focus on the cooperation between care cooperatives and other key players in the field of living and care, such as municipalities, care distributors, housing corporations, and health insurance companies. Over the past few years, several care collectivities have expanded their range of activities and have hence become a major player in the field of organizing local care. Expanding of activities automatically implies the need of cooperating with other key players, such as municipalities or housing corporations, in order to enable and facilitate the implementation of new activities. Some care collectivities have also developed alternative care products and services that sometimes offer a serious challenge to the ‘regular’ care providers and their products. At this Think Tank Session, these issues will be discussed on the base of two case studies, illustrating respectively cooperation of care collectivities with health insurance companies and with housing corporations. Please note that the Think Tank Session will be in Dutch only.
> More info
> Registration

New publication on commons' regulations and sanctioning

Tine De Moor and Annelies Tukker jointly authored the book chapter 'Survival without sanctioning: The relationship between institutional resilience and methods of dealing with free-riding on early modern Dutch commons', which forms part of the 2015 Rural History Yearbook [Jahrbuch für Gechichte des ländlichen Raumes 2015]; this book is fully dedicated to issues dealing with rural commons.  In this article, De Moor and Tukker have systematically analyzed the regulations of eight self-governing Dutch commons, of wich some date back to the Middle Ages. By analyzing the changes in the regulations of these commons over time (with a minimum of three changes and a life span of at least 200 years) the authors they discovered that not all rules designed by commoners were combined with a sanction and there was an inverse correlation between longevity of the common and the number of rules that were accompanied by sanctions. Instead of focusing on sanctioning as a tool to keep commoners and others from freeriding, commoners invested in rules that encouraged prevention and high levels of members’ participation.

> Full book chapter

Young Academies of Europe and Global Young Academy issue position statements on Open Access and Open Data

The Global Young Academy and a number of European Young Academies, among which De Jonge Akademie, have issued a statement on their position about Open Access as well as one on their position about Open Data. These position statements were presented by representatives Rianne Letschert and Christian Lange to European Commissioner Research, Scioence, and Innovation Carlos Moedas at the Open Science Conference, which was held on 4 April 2016 in Amsterdam as part of the program related to the Dutch EU-Presidency. The Young Academies welcome the European Commission’s commitment to making Open Access models of scholarly publishing a cornerstone of its Open Science policy. They consider the transition to Open Access one of the key policies the European Commission and national governments should pursue in order to foster progress across academic disciplines and enable European citizens and those of other countries to benefit from publicly funded research. However, the Academies also urge European policy makers to ensure the viability and sustainability of Open Access scholarly publishing.

> Position Statement on Open Access

> Position Statement on Open Data

Extended deadline abstracts submission 1 May 2016 - 3rd Thematic IASC-Conference on Knowledge Commons (Paris, 20-22 October 2016)

On 20, 21, and 22 October 2016, SciencesPo Paris will be hosting the 3rd Thematic IASC-Conference on Knowledge Commons (please note that the original dates have been extended with an extra conference day on October 22nd!). Building upon the successful 2012 and 2014 thematic IASC conferences on knowledge commons, this third conference aims to look at the normative effects and institutionalization of the many initiatives based on knowledge commons and how commons provide new legal tools, public policy choices, and forms of social, economic and governance innovations. To this purpose the conference aims to take stock of the latest developments in public policies and legal initiatives around knowledge commons, as well as how the attempts to give a proper legal definition of commons in different countries bring changes in law and property regimes. The key questions that this conference will cover are the sustainability of knowledge commons that could be achieved by giving normative effects to the relationships and collectiveness they create, the possible articulation between grassroots commons movements and public policy, To such end, examples of governance models or legal revisions organizing commons in diverse countries will be studied, particularly as far as knowledge commons are concerned. The deadline for submitting abstracts has been extended until 1 May 2016.

> Call for abstracts

> Preliminary Program

Practioners' labs 4th Regional European IASC-Conference (Bern, 10-13 May 2016)

In the past, practitioners’ meetings have been organized at several IASC-conferences, offering an excellent opportunity to exchange knowledge and expertise between practitioners and academic scholars interested in commons. In order to promote these meetings and to encourage practitioners to exchange their experience, ideas and questions with the academic scholars working on commons, the IASC issued a call directed specifically at practitioners working on commons and hopes scholars and practitioners will use this opportunity to mutually benefit from each other’s expertise and experience throughout all future IASC-meetings. The results of the call are currently being evaluated and incorporated in the conference program; the final program is expected to be ready in the course of April. The practitioners' labs offer the opportunity to engage in discussions between other practitioners and scholars on specific topics. In order to prepare and facilitate this process, practitioners were asked to provide the organizers with a description of their initiative/organization and/or a number of questions they would like to see addressed in the discussions.

> Conference website

> Conference poster

> Conference flyer

Enquête 'Ken jij Citizen Science?' en aankondiging Citizen Science-dag KNAW (16 juni 2016) [in Dutch only]

Het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift Eos Wetenschap heeft onlangs het online platform Iedereen Wetenschapper gelanceerd. Iedereen Wetenschapper streeft ernaar wetenschap en maatschappij dichter bij elkaar te brengen en doet dit door op de website zo veel mogelijk citizen science-projecten te bundelen. Citizen science is wetenschappelijk onderzoek waar burgers actief bij betrokken worden - denk bijvoorbeeld aan vogeltellingen, het analyseren van ruimtefoto's, of het net afgeronde 'Ja, ik wil!'-project. Om erachter te komen wat de ervaringen van Nederlandse wetenschappers met citizen science zijn, heeft Eos, in samenwerking met Tine De Moor van de Universiteit Utrecht, een enquête ontwikkeld. Een vergelijkbare vragenlijst is rondgestuurd onder Vlaamse wetenschappers, en met deze enquête hopen ze dan ook niet alleen meer inzicht te krijgen in citizen science in Nederland, maar ook een vergelijking te kunnen maken met Vlaanderen. De resultaten zullen op 16 juni in Amsterdam worden gepresenteerd tijdens het symposium 'Citizen Science: de betrokkenheid van burgers in het wetenschappelijk proces' van de KNAW. Bent u wetenschapper? Laat dan via deze korte vragenlijst weten wat uw ervaringen zijn met citizen science. Doe gerust ook mee als je citizen science (nog) niet kent.

> Naar enquete

> Informatie KNAW symposium

New publication on the European Marriage Pattern

In the March issue 0f 2016, the Journal of Economic History published an article jointly authored by Sarah Carmichael, Alexandra de Pleijt, Jan Luiten van Zanden, and Tine De Moor, entitled 'The European Marriage Pattern and its measurement'. In this article, the authors review different interpretations of the European Marriage Pattern (EMP) and explore how they relate to the discussion of the link between the EMP and economic growth. Recently Dennison and Ogilvie have argued that the EMP did not contribute to growth in Early Modern Europe; Carmichael cum suis however argue that the link between the EMP and economic growth is incorrectly conceptualized: age of marriage is not a good scale for the degree to which countries were characterized by EMP, but the economic effects of the EMP should rather be seen in the broader context of how marriage responds to changing economic circumstances.

> Article

Data entry process crowdsourcing project Yes, I Do! completed

Over the past days, the participants of the crowdsourcing project 'Ja, ik wil!' ['Yes, I Do!'] have completed the entry of the final scans of this project. Over the past two years, a vast group of over 485 volunteers has participated in entering the data from the early modern Amsterdam premarriage registers (1580-1810). This data entry, entering socioeconomic data distilled from the handwritten sources of each fifth year between 1580 and 1810), has resulted in a massive dataset with the historical data of over 193,000 brides- and grooms-to-be. Thanks to the rich content of this source and the invaluable efforts of the project participants, the research team now has a very strong dataset to perform research on regarding early modern social and economic developments in Amsterdam and the Low Countries. We thank all our participants for their huge efforts and time spent on this project.

> Project website [in Dutch]

2nd LANDac International Conference 2016 (Utrecht, 30 June-1 July 2016) 

On the 30th of June and the 1st of July 2016, LANDac will hold its second International Conference, entitled 'Linking the Rural and the Urban'. LANDac, founded in 2010 and based at Utrecht University, is a network of Dutch organizations interested in how land governance can contribute to equitable and sustainable development. The 2016 conference will be a follow-­‐up of the 2015 LANDac International Conference 'Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development'. The 2016 Conference aims to connect rural land debates and the urban agenda. The conference offers space for paper presentations, poster presentations, policy discussions, round tables and other interactive forms. Special round tables will be organized on specific topics, including the Sustainable Development Goals, the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests, the Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights, Habitat III (UrbAct), and the Human City Coalition.


> Conference website

PhD promotion team member Sarah Carmichael

On 3 February 2016, Sarah Carmichael, team member of the Institutions for Collective Action Research Team, succesfully defended her PhD-thesis at Utrecht University. In her dissertation, entitled 'Marriage, Family and Gender Inequality: An historical exploration of the relationship between family systems, the position of women and development', dr. Carmichael explores the historical underpinnings of current day gender inequalities at a global scale, with a focus on female agency (the degree of control people have over their own lives). She concludes that long-term inequality is determined by cultural institutions as well as economic development. In her thesis she brings together different explorations of the position of women both historically and today, in order to draw out ways in which differences in gender equality between countries are historically determined, and what the effects of such differences are for the transmission of human capital to the next generation. A concerted attempt is made to show the institutional roots of outcomes today and over time by employing various measures of the ways families organize themselves, as well as of various dimensions of gender inequality. The long-term perspective is of use in capturing the root causes of women’s disadvantages, and seeks to provide insight into factors that policies to address systemic inequalities need to take into account. We congratulate Sarah with her promotion.  

> Read more 

> Thesis (repository version)

Report on collaboration between care services providers and care cooperatives

Team member Anita Boele, together with Peter Leisink, professor at the Utrecht University School of Governance, and internship students Nick ten Brinke and Babs den Dulk, both of Utrecht University, jointly authored a report, entitled 'It takes two to tango; Succes- en faalfactoren in de samenwerking tussen zorgorganisaties en zorgcoöperaties' ['It takes two to tango; factors of success and failure regarding collaboration between care provision organizations and care cooperatives'], based on the research performed by Ten Brinke and Den Dulk duting their internship with Aedes-Actiz Knowledge Center on Welfare and Living. Their research showed that collaboration between care services organizations and care cooperatives could benefit all parties involved, e.g. via the mutual exchange of knowledge and expertise, the use of voluntary aid and available equipment, via experimenting with new regulations and working methods, new ways of acquiring funding. Essential in this process is a uniform vision on what would be qualified as 'good care'. The report also highlights the impact of the social environment on issues as recognition, financing, and the adaptation of existing laws and regulations.  

> Read the full report [in Dutch] 

> Read the summary article on the KCWZ-site [in Dutch] 

> Read the press release by Utrecht University [in Dutch]

IASC announces new conferences for 2015-2017

At the XV IASC Biennial Conference, which was held in Edmonton last month, the IASC has announced several new conferences to be held within the next two years. The first conference was the 1st IASC Thematic Conference on Urban Commons, held in Bologna, 6-7 November 2015, and hosted by The Laboratory for the Governanca of Commons (LABGOV) and the Urban Law Center of Fordham University. Other conferences that have been announced are:

> IASC Regional Conference (Europe), Bern (Switzerland), 10-13 May 2016

> 3rd IASC Thematic Conference on Knowledge Commons, Paris (France), 20-21 October 2016

> XVI IASC Biennial Meeting, Utrecht (The Netherlands), 10-14 July 2017

Click here to download an overview of all IASC-conferences 2015-2017

Research Team Institutions for Collective Action and Strategic Research Theme 'Institutions' of Utrecht University to host XVI IASC Biennial Conference (10-14 July 2017)

The Council of the International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC), has granted the organization of the XVI IASC Biennial Conference to the Research Team Institutions for Collective Action and the Strategic Research Theme 'Institutions', both based at Utrecht University. The XVI IASC Biennial Conference will be held from July 10-July 14, 2017 in the historical city centre of Utrecht. The central theme of this conference will be 'Practicing the Commons', focusing on the interaction between academic knowledge and practitioners' expertise and experience. The time schedule for submitting abstracts etc. is already available at the conference website; mote info will be available in due time. > Conference website