Projects

Nature or Nurture?

 

The project 'Nature or nurture? A search for the  institutional and biological determinants of life expectancy in Europe during the early modern period', supervised by Tine De Moor has received a VIDI Grant (800 k€) from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). In literature it has been suggested that the rapid loosening of family ties in Northwestern-Europe – due to the emergence of the European Marriage Pattern (EMP) from the late medieval period onwards – would lead to hardship for the elderly, but the (limitedly available) data suggest otherwise. In this project we test two potential explanations for this conundrum, by comparing Northwestern- and Southern-Europe between 1500 and 1900 by (a.o.) testing the Disposable Soma Theory by obtaining and analyzing different types of sources and datasets (such as genealogical trees and location-specific family reconstitutions, and data on religious communities) will be used.

 

Also, we examine whether the diversity in institutional solutions (state-provided, collective, market-based) to be found in early modern Northwestern-Europe could have increased the welfare of the elderly. A third subproject inestigates the impact of (biological) life-cycle events and socio-economic behaviour on life-expectancy, with regard to household structures and saving behaviour, thus bringing the insights from the other subprojects together on the household level. The project will start in Fall 2013 and will collaborate intensively with the CLIO-INFRA-project.

 

> Click here for an overview of the features of this project

> Click here for an extended description of this project

> Click here for a short Powerpoint-presentation on this project

 

United We Stand 

 

This project aims at using the datasets from the completed project 'Data Infrastructures for the Study of Guilds and Other Forms of Collective Action'  – and others – to study the long term dynamics of institutions for collective action in pre-industrial Europe, and this in relationship with changes in marriage patterns and economic development. This project, entitled '“United We Stand”. The Dynamics and Consequences of Institutions for Collective Action in Pre-Industrial Europe', is funded by a European Research Council Starting Grant of 1.2 million €, awarded to Tine De Moor, and runs from 1 January 2010 until 31 December 2014. 

 

> Click here for more information on the project "United We Stand" 

> Click here for an extended description of this project

 

Common Rules

 

The project '"Common Rules". The regulation of institutions for managing commons in Europe, 1100 - 1800', co-ordinated by dr. Tine de Moor, has been awarded an Internationalisation Grant of 45,597 € by The Netherlands Scientific Organisation (NWO). The project will run from September 2011 until August 2014. This project aims to understand how efficient and effective regulation can be developed, executed by well-functioning institutions. The main objective of the internationalization project is to initiate a European-wide comparison of bodies of rules by studying commons in Western and Southern Europe, using the regulations that can be found in various historical records, for several centuries in each case.

 

Participants of this project are the research group of Economic and social history of Utrecht University, the research group UPNA-315 "Historia y Economía" of the Public University of Navarra (led by dr. José Miguel Lana Berasain) and a research group of the Department of History from Lancaster University, led by dr. Angus Winchester. Also involved in this project is Claudio Tagliapietra of the University of Bologna.

 

> Click here for more information on the project "Common Rules"  

 

Citizens' collectivities 

 

The Collective Action-team is currently preparing a new internship project after having organized a first version of this project  in early 2013. In this project, a group of students from the Master’s programme Politics and Society in Historical Perspective at Utrecht University will be selected to be placed with four Dutch organizations that are active in researching and promoting present-day collective action, in the form of civil initiatives. The students are going to research several civil initiatives – mainly in the care sector –  by means of a questionnaire that was developed by the Collective Action-team with input of the organizations, on specific topics related to the institutional design and functioning of these organizations. During their research the students will be supported by both the hosting organizations and by Principal Investigator Tine de Moor. The students will conduct this research in benefit of all parties involved: the civil initiatives, the organizations, the collective action team, and, of course, themselves. Since the students will write their master thesis on a specific aspect of collective action in self-governing and bottom-up initiatives as part of this project, the research will be of great importance for them as well.

 

For the Collective Action-team this project will be the first implementation of present-day case studies into the research of institutions for collective action. We assume that the knowledge we have gathered by investigating historical cases of institutions for collective action will be of great help in understanding and dealing with problems that arise in the initiatives of citizens today.

 

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A multidisciplinary approach to understand successful collective action: The case of Dutch mutuals

 

On September 1, 2016, Eva Vriens  (supervised by Vincent Buskens  and Tine de Moor) started her PhD project on sustainable cooperation in citizen collectives. Over the past ten years the number of citizen initiatives increased rapidly in Europe, and in the Netherlands in particular. The PhD project, funded by a Talent Grant of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), aims to uncover how these initiatives can generate conditions for sustainable cooperation. By focusing on the interplay between the individuals involved and properties of the social and institutional environment, it will be investigated what aspects reinforce cooperative efforts and which combinations of individual, social, and/or institutional factors are instead detrimental for fruitful cooperation. To answer these questions, data will be collected in lab experiments and through surveys distributed among members of Dutch Broodfondsen (mutual insurance associations).

 

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Overview of projects

 

Underneath you will see an impression of how the various project relate to each other (please note that the VIDI-project and the project 'A multidisciplinary approach to understand succesful cooperation' have not yet been added). Clicking on one of the circles will direct you to the information page of that specific project.

 

  ERC-Project, click for project info ERC-Project, click for project info Dynamics of Collective Action and Women's Agency, click for project info Common Rules-project, click for project info Internship Project 'Citizens' Collectivities', click for project info Project Social Entrepreneurship and Citizenshipt, click for project info

Related projects

 

For related projects related to the projects mentioned above, please consult the related projects-page.

 

Projects completed

 

Click here for an overview of completed projects.