Subtypes Guilds - Guild Boxes - France

French mutual aid funds within guilds or journeymen’s associations were rare. One reason for this absence was the presence of religious brotherhoods or confréries which provided, among other benefits and services, charity and aid to destitute guild brothers on an informal basis. High taxes and high costs on litigations to defend the guilds´ monopoly were other reasons for the absence of mutual aid funds; guilds could simply not save enough capital to provide for them.


(Bos, 2006, 305-9) 



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